Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

October 01, 2015

October 1
• 1903 – Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
• 1905 – František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
• 1908 – Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
• 1910 – Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building in downtown Los Angeles, killing 21.
• 1918 – World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia", capture Damascus.
• 1920 – Sir Percy Cox lands in Basra to assume his responsibilities as High Commissioner in Iraq.
• 1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its First five-year plan.
• 1931 – The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
• 1931 – Spain adopted women's suffrage.
• 1936 – Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
• 1937 – The Japanese city Handa is founded in Aichi Prefecture.
• 1938 – Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
• 1939 – After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile Nazi forces enter the city.
• 1940 – The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
• 1942 – USS Grouper torpedoes Lisbon Maru not knowing she is carrying British PoWs from Hong Kong
• 1942 – First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet".
• 1943 – World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
• 1946 – Nazi leaders are sentenced at Nuremberg trials.
• 1946 – Daegu October Incident occurs in Allied occupied Korea.
• 1946 – Mensa International is founded in the UK.
• 1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
• 1949 – The People's Republic of China is established and declared by Mao Zedong.
• 1955 – The Honeymooners premiered on American television.
• 1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.
• 1958 – NASA is created to replace NACA.
• 1960 – Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
• 1961 – The United States Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) is formed, becoming the country's first centralized military espionage organization.
• 1961 – East and West Cameroon merge to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
• 1962 – First broadcast of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.
• 1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California, Berkeley.
• 1964 – Japanese Shinkansen ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Tokyo to Osaka.
• 1965 – General Suharto puts down an apparent coup attempt by the 30 September Movement in Indonesia.
• 1966 – West Coast Airlines Flight 956 crashes with eighteen fatalities and no survivors 5.5 miles south of Wemme, Oregon. This accident marks the first loss of aDC-9.
• 1968 – The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
• 1969 – Concorde breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
• 1971 – Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Florida, United States.
• 1971 – The first brain-scan using x-ray computed tomography (CT or CAT scan) is performed at Atkinson Morley Hospital in Wimbledon, London.
• 1975 – The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
• 1975 – Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
• 1975 – Al Jackson, Jr. (Booker T. & the M.G.'s), was shot fatally five times in the back in his own home.
• 1978 – Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
• 1978 – The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
• 1979 – Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.
• 1979 – The MTR, the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong, opens.
• 1979 – The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama Canal to Panama.
• 1982 – Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.
• 1982 – Epcot opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.
• 1982 – Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
• 1985 – The Israeli Air Force bombs Palestine Liberation Organization Headquarters in Tunis.
• 1987 – The 5.9 Mw Whittier Narrows earthquake shakes the San Gabriel Valley with a Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe).
• 1989 – Denmark introduces the world's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership".
• 1991 – The Siege of Dubrovnik begins.
• 1992 – Cartoon Network begins broadcasting.
• 1994 – Palau gains independence from the United Nations (trusteeship administered by the United States of America).
• 2001 – Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly attack in which Jaish-e-Mohammed militants used a Tata Sumo vehicle loaded with explosives to attack the state legislature building in Srinagar, Kashmir, killing 38.
• 2009 – The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom takes over the judicial functions of the House of Lords.
• 2012 – A ferry collision off the coast of Hong Kong kills 38 people and injures 102 others.
• 2014 – A series of explosions at a gunpowder plant in the village of Gorni Lom in Northwestern Bulgaria completely destroys the factory, killing 15 people.
• 2015 – Umpqua Community College shooting: a gunman kills 9 people at a community college in Roseburg, Oregon.
• 2015 – Heavy rains triggered a major landslide in the village of El Cambray Dos within Santa Catarina Pinula, killing 280 people.

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