Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

October 09, 2015

October 9
• 1900 – The Cook Islands become a territory of the United Kingdom.
• 1907 – Las Cruces, New Mexico is incorporated.
• 1911 – An accidental bomb explosion in Hankou, Wuhan, China leads to the ultimate fall of the Qing Empire
• 1913 – The steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
• 1914 – World War I: Siege of Antwerp: Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
• 1919 – Black Sox Scandal: The Cincinnati Reds win the World Series.
• 1934 – Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
• 1936 – Generators at Boulder Dam (later renamed to Hoover Dam) begin to generate electricity from the Colorado River and transmit it 266 miles to Los Angeles.
• 1940 – World War II: Battle of Britain: During a night-time air raid by the German Luftwaffe, St. Paul's Cathedral in the City of London, England is hit by a bomb.
• 1941 – A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
• 1942 – Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy.
• 1942 – The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army's 4th Infantry Regiment.
• 1945 – Parade in NYC for Fleet Admiral Nimitz and 13 USN/USMC Medal of Honor recipients
• 1950 – Goyang Geumjeong Cave massacre started.
• 1962 – Uganda becomes an independent Commonwealth realm.
• 1963 – In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a large landslide behind the Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
• 1966 – Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre
• 1967 – A day after being captured, Marxist revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara is executed for attempting to incite a revolution in Bolivia.
• 1969 – In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in for crowd control as demonstrations continue in connection with the trial of the "Chicago Eight" that began on September 24.
• 1970 – The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia.
• 1980 – Pope John Paul II shakes hands with the Dalai Lama during a private audience in Vatican City.
• 1980 – Princess Caroline of Monaco divorces Philippe Junot.
• 1981 – Abolition of capital punishment in France.
• 1983 – Rangoon bombing: Attempted assassination of South Korean President Chun Doo-hwan during an official visit to Rangoon, Burma. Chun survives but the blast kills 17 of his entourage, including four cabinet ministers, and injures 17 others. Four Burmese officials also die in the blast.
• 1986 – The musical The Phantom of the Opera receives its first performance at Her Majesty's Theatre in London.
• 1989 – An official news agency in the Soviet Union reports the landing of a UFO in Voronezh.
• 1991 – Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention.
• 1992 – A 13 kilogram (est.) fragment of the Peekskill meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's 1980Chevrolet Malibu.
• 1995 – An Amtrak Sunset Limited train is derailed by saboteurs near Palo Verde, Arizona.
• 1999 – The last flight of the SR-71.
• 2001 – Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attacks.
• 2003 – Mission: Space opens to the public in the Epcot park at Walt Disney World. The opening ceremony included several astronauts from all eras of space exploration.
• 2006 – North Korea allegedly tests its first nuclear device.
• 2009 – First lunar impact of the Centaur and LCROSS spacecrafts as part of NASA's Lunar Precursor Robotic Program.
• 2012 – Members of the Pakistani Taliban make a failed attempt to assassinate Malala Yousafzai on her way home from school.