Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

October 27, 2015

October 27
• 1904 – The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
• 1907 – Černová massacre: Fifteen people are killed in the Hungarian half of Austria-Hungary when a gunman opens fire on a crowd gathered at a church consecration. This would lead to protests over the treatment of minorities in Austria-Hungary.
• 1914 – The British lose their first battleship of World War I: The British super-dreadnought battleship HMS Audacious (23,400 tons) is sunk off Tory Island, north-west of Ireland, by a minefield laid by the armed German merchant-cruiser Berlin. The loss was kept an official secret in Britain until 14 November 1918 (three days after the end of the war). The sinking was witnessed and photographed by passengers on RMS Olympic sister ship of RMS Titanic.
• 1916 – Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasu V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zewditu I.
• 1922 – A referendum in Rhodesia rejects the country's annexation to the South African Union.
• 1924 – The Uzbek SSR is founded in the Soviet Union.
• 1930 – Ratifications exchanged in London for the first London Naval Treaty, signed in April modifying the 1925 Washington Naval Treaty and the arms limitation treaty's modified provisions, go into effect immediately, further limiting the expensive naval arms race among its five signatories.
• 1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
• 1944 – World War II: German forces capture Banská Bystrica during Slovak National Uprising thus bringing it to an end.
• 1948 – Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc.
• 1953 – British nuclear test Totem 2 is carried out at Emu Field, South Australia.
• 1954 – Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. becomes the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.
• 1958 – Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Ayub Khan, who had been appointed the enforcer ofmartial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
• 1961 – NASA tests the first Saturn I rocket in Mission Saturn-Apollo 1.
• 1961 – Mauritania and Mongolia join the United Nations.
• 1962 – Major Rudolf Anderson of the United States Air Force becomes the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane is shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
• 1962 – A plane carrying Enrico Mattei, post-war Italian administrator, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
• 1964 – Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of the Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launches his political career and comes to be known as "A Time for Choosing".
• 1967 – Catholic priest Philip Berrigan and others of the 'Baltimore Four' protest the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records.
• 1971 – The Democratic Republic of the Congo is renamed Zaire.
• 1973 – A 1.4 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes in Cañon City, Colorado.
• 1979 – Saint Vincent and the Grenadines gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
• 1981 – The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
• 1986 – The British government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
• 1988 – Ronald Reagan decides to tear down the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure.
• 1991 – Turkmenistan achieves independence from the Soviet Union.
• 1992 – United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmate Terry M. Helvey for being gay, precipitating first military, then national, debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States "Don't ask, don't tell" military policy.
• 1994 – Gliese 229B is the first Substellar Mass Object to be unquestionably identified.
• 1995 – Former Prime Minister of Italy Bettino Craxi is convicted in absentia of corruption.
• 1997 – October 27, 1997 mini-crash: Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Averageplummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15.
• 1999 – Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and six other members.
• 2005 – Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.