Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

October 29, 2015

October 29
• 1901 – In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
• 1901 – Capital punishment: Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.
• 1918 – The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German Revolution of 1918–19.
• 1921 – The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
• 1921 – Second trial of Sacco and Vanzetti in the United States of America.
• 1921 – The Harvard University football team loses to Centre College, ending a 25-game winning streak. This is considered one of the biggest upsets in college football.
• 1922 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy appoints Benito Mussolini as Prime Minister.
• 1923 – Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire.
• 1929 – The New York Stock Exchange crashes in what will be called the Crash of '29 or "Black Tuesday", ending the Great Bull Market of the 1920s and beginning the Great Depression.
• 1941 – The Holocaust: In the Kaunas Ghetto over 10,000 Jews are shot by German occupiers at the Ninth Fort, a massacre known as the "Great Action".
• 1942 – The Holocaust: In the United Kingdom, leading clergymen and political figures hold a public meeting to register outrage over Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews.
• 1944 – The city of Breda in the Netherlands is liberated by 1st Polish Armoured Division.
• 1944 – World War II: The Soviet Red Army enters Hungary.
• 1945 – Getúlio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.
• 1948 – Safsaf massacre: Israeli soldiers capture Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee and massacre villagers after they surrender.
• 1953 – BCPA Flight 304 DC-6 crashes near San Francisco. Pianist William Kapell is among the 19 killed.
• 1955 – The Soviet battleship Novorossiysk strikes a World War II mine in the harbor at Sevastopol.
• 1956 – Suez Crisis begins: Israeli forces invade the Sinai Peninsula and push Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
• 1956 – The Tangier Protocol is signed: The international city Tangier is reintegrated into Morocco.
• 1957 – Israel's prime minister David Ben-Gurion and five of his ministers are injured when a hand grenade is tossed into Israel's parliament, the Knesset.
• 1960 – In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later takes the name Muhammad Ali) wins his first professional fight.
• 1960 – An airplane carrying the Cal Poly football team crashes on takeoff in Toledo, Ohio.
• 1961 – Syria exits from the United Arab Republic.
• 1964 – The United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.
• 1964 – A collection of irreplaceable gems, including the 565 carat (113 g) Star of India, is stolen by a group of thieves (among them is "Murph the surf") from theAmerican Museum of Natural History in New York City.
• 1967 – London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
• 1967 – Montreal's World Fair, Expo 67, closes with over 50 million visitors.
• 1969 – The first-ever computer-to-computer link is established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
• 1971 – In Macon, Georgia, guitarist Duane Allman is killed in a motorcycle accident.
• 1972 – The three surviving perpetrators of the Munich massacre are released from prison in exchange for the hostages of hijacked Lufthansa Flight 615.
• 1980 – Demonstration flight of a secretly modified C-130 for an Iran hostage crisis rescue attempt ends in crash landing at Eglin Air Force Base's Duke Field,Florida leading to cancellation of Operation Credible Sport.
• 1985 – Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multi-party election in Liberia.
• 1986 – British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opens the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
• 1991 – The American Galileo spacecraft makes its closest approach to 951 Gaspra, becoming the first probe to visit an asteroid.
• 1994 – Francisco Martin Duran fires over two dozen shots at the White House (Duran is later convicted of trying to kill US President Bill Clinton).
• 1998 – Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
• 1998 – Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year-old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
• 1998 – ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
• 1998 – While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of six and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he is landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
• 1998 – Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, makes landfall in Honduras.
• 1998 – The Gothenburg discothèque fire in Sweden kills 63 and injures 200.