रानी दुर्गावती जन्म: (5 अक्टूबर, 1524 )
वीरांगना महारानी दुर्गावती कालिंजर के राजा कीर्तिसिंह चंदेल की एकमात्र संतान थीं। महोबा के राठ गांव में 1524 ई. की दुर्गाष्टमी पर जन्म के कारण उनका नाम दुर्गावती रखा गया। नाम के अनुरूप ही तेज, साहस, शौर्य और सुन्दरता के कारण इनकी प्रसिद्धि सब ओर फैल गयी। दुर्गावती के मायके और ससुराल पक्ष की जाति भिन्न थी लेकिन फिर भी दुर्गावती की प्रसिद्धि से प्रभावित होकर राजा संग्राम शाह ने अपने पुत्र दलपतशाह से विवाह करके, उसे अपनी पुत्रवधू बनाया था। दुर्भाग्यवश विवाह के चार वर्ष बाद ही राजा दलपतशाह का निधन हो गया। उस समय दुर्गावती की गोद में तीन वर्षीय नारायण ही था। अतः रानी ने स्वयं ही गढ़मंडला का शासन संभाल लिया। उन्होंने अनेक मंदिर, मठ, कुएं, बावड़ी तथा धर्मशालाएं बनवाई। वर्तमान जबलपुर उनके राज्य का केन्द्र था। उन्होंने अपनी दासी के नाम पर चेरीताल, अपने नाम पर रानीताल तथा अपने विश्वस्त दीवान आधारसिंह के नाम पर आधारताल बनवाया।
Rani Durgavati (October 5, 1524 – June 24, 1564) was a ruling Queen of Gondwana from 1550 until 1564. She was born in the family of famous Rajput Chandel Emperor Keerat Rai. She was born at the fort of Kalinjar (Banda, Uttar Pradesh) in Chandel Dynasty, which is famous in the Indian history for the defense of king Vidyadhar who repulsed the attacks of Mahmud of Ghazni. Her love for sculptures is shown in the world famed temples of Khajuraho and Kalinjar Fort. Rani Durgavati's achievements further enhanced the glory of her ancestral tradition of courage and patronage.In 1542, she was married to Dalpat Shah, the eldest son of king Sangram Shah of Gond Dynasty. The Chandel and Gond dynasties were allied because of this marriage. This resulted in Keerat Rai gaining the help of the Gonds.
She gave birth to a son in 1545 who was named Vir Narayan. Dalpat Shah died in 1550 and Durgavati took the reins of the Gond kingdom. Diwan or Prime Minister Beohar Adhar Simha and minister Man Thakur helped the Rani in looking after the administration successfully and effectively. Rani moved her capital to Chauragarh in place of Singaurgarh. It was a fort of strategic importance situated on the Satpura hill range.
After the death of Sher Shah, Sujat Khan captured Malwa and was succeeded by his son Baz Bahadur in 1556. After ascending to the throne, he attacked Rani Durgavati but the attack was repulsed with heavy losses to his army.
In the year 1562, Akbar vanquished the Malwa ruler Baz Bahadur and annexed Malwa under Mughal dominion. Consequently, the state boundary of Rani touched the Mughal Sultanate.
Rani's contemporary was a Mughal General, Khwaja Abdul Majid Asaf Khan, an ambitious man who vanquished Ramchandra, the ruler of Rewa. Prosperity of Rani Durgavati's state lured him and he invaded Rani's state after taking permission from Mughal emperor Akbar.
When Rani heard about the attack by Asaf Khan she decided to defend her kingdom with all her might although her Diwan Beohar Adhar Simha pointed out the strength of Mughal forces. Rani maintained that it was better to die respectfully than to live a disgraceful life.
To fight a defensive battle, she went to Narrai, situated between a hilly range on one side and two rivers Gaur and Narmada on the other side. It was an unequal battle with trained soldiers and modern weapons in multitude on one side and a few untrained soldiers with old weapons on the other side. Her Faujdar Arjun Das was killed in the battle and Rani decided to lead the defence herself. As the enemy entered the valley, soldiers of Rani attacked them. Both sides lost some men but Rani was victorious in this battle. She chased the Mughal army and came out of the valley.
At this stage Rani reviewed her strategy with her counselors. She wanted to attack the enemy in the night to enfeeble them but her lieutenants did not accept her suggestion. By next morning Asaf Khan had summoned big guns. Rani rode on her elephant Sarman and came for the battle. Her son Vir Narayan also took part in this battle. He forced Mughal army to move back three times but at last he got wounded and had to retire to a safe place. In the course of battle Rani also got injured badly near her ear with an arrow. Another arrow pierced her neck and she lost her consciousness. On regaining consciousness she perceived that defeat was imminent. Her mahout advised her to leave the battlefield but she refused and took out her dagger and killed herself on June 24, 1564.
In the year 1983, the Government of Madhya Pradesh renamed the University of Jabalpur as Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya in her memory. Government of India issued a postal-stamp commemorating her death, on 24 June 1988. The train between Jabalpur Junction and Jammutawi is known as Durgavati Express (11449/11450) after the name of the Queen.