पाण्डुरंग शास्त्री अठावले-जन्म: (19 अक्टूबर, 1920)

October 19, 2016

पाण्डुरंग शास्त्री अठावले अथवा अठावले पाण्डुरंग शास्त्री , जन्म: 19 अक्टूबर, 1920; मृत्यु: 25 अक्टूबर, 2003) भारत के एक प्रसिद्ध आध्यात्मिक गुरु, समाज सुधारक तथा दार्शनिक थे। पाण्डुरंग अठावले को 'दादा' (बड़ा भाई) के नाम से भी जाना जाता था। उन्होंने समाज में स्वाध्याय के माध्यम से आत्म चेतना जगाने का आदर्श स्थापित करने की कोशिश की तथा समाज सुधार आंदोलन भी चलाया। अठावले ने युक्तिपूर्वक वेदों, उपनिषदों तथा हिंदू संस्कृति की आध्यात्मिक शक्ति को पुनर्जाग्रत किया तथा आधुनिक भारत के सामाजिक रूपांतरण में उस ज्ञान तथा विवेक का प्रयोग सम्भव बनाया। वर्ष 1999 में भारत सरकार ने दादा पाण्डुरंग को 'पद्म विभूषण' से सम्मानित किया था।


Pandurang Shastri Athavale प.पू.पांडुरंगशास्त्री आठवले (19 October 1920 – 25 October 2003), also known as Dadaji ("दादाजी"), which literally translates as "Elder brother" in Marathi, was an Indian activist philosopher, spiritual leader, social revolutionaryand religion reformist, who founded the Swadhyaya Parivar (Swadhyaya Family) in 1954. Swadhyaya is a self-study process based on the Bhagavad Gita which has spread across nearly 100,000 villages in India, with over 120 million adherents. He was also noted for his discourses on the Bhagavad Gita, the Vedas and the Upanishads.


Pandurang Vaijnath Athavale was born on 19 October 1920 in Chittapavan Bramhin Family in the village of Roha in Maharashtra (Konkan), India. He was one of five children born to the Sanskrit teacher Vaijanath Shastri Athavale and his wife Parvati Athavale.


When Athavale was twelve years old, his grandfather set up an independent course of study for the young boy. Thus, Athavale was taught in a system very similar to that of the Tapovan system of ancient India. In 1942, he started to give discourses at the Srimad Bhagavad Gita Pathshala, a center set up by his father in 1926.


Athavale read diligently in the Royal Asiatic Library for a period of 14 years; at a young age, he was well-known to have read every piece of non-fiction literature (ranging from Marx's philosophy to Whitehead's writings to ancient Indian philosophy). In 1954, he attended the Second World Philosophers' Conference, held in Japan. There, Athavale presented the concepts of Vedic ideals and the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita. Many participants were impressed by his ideas but wanted evidence of such ideals being put into practice in India. Nobel Prize–winning physicist Dr. Arthur Holly Compton was particularly enchanted with Athavale's ideas and offered him a lucrative opportunity in the United States, where he could spread his ideas. Athavale politely declined, saying that he had much to accomplish in his native India, where he planned to demonstrate to the world a model community peacefully practicing and spreading Vedic thoughts and the message of the Bhagavad Gita.


Swadhyaya Parivar established itself in the United Kingdom in 1978 with adherents meeting every Sunday, where prayers were sung and a video recording of Athavale was played. Swadhyaya, which closely translate to "in depth study of the self" is a process based upon Vedic philosophy, and the members of the Parivar are called "Swadhyayees". Over the years, Athavale's followers have taken the Bhagawad Gita's concepts of Indwelling God and God's universal love, to millions of people: transcending caste, socioeconomic barriers, and religious differences. Rev. Athavale personally visited tens of thousands of villages (on foot and rented bicycles), and his adherents have followed suit to roughly 100,000 villages across India, and at least 34 nations across the globe. In these villages, Rev. Athavale started various experiments (Prayogs) to impart social activism by means of a god-centric devotion, including cooperative farming, fishing and tree-planting projects in the spirit of collective, divine labor(bhakti). Swadhyayees aim to fulfill Rev. Athavale's vision of eradicating the world's problems by creating a global family united under the principle of a universal blood maker. He felt that the universality of the Bhagavad Gita allows for it to a guide to all of humanity. As such, it's thoughts should reach unto the last person. Today, the millions of adherents can be found on every habitable continent in over 35 countries including the Caribbean, Americas, Asia, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Middle East and Africa. It is the Swadhyaya Parivar's mission to complete Rev. Athavale's vision of a "Universal Brotherhood under the Divine Fatherhood of God.


Rev. Athavale died at the age of 83 of cardiac arrest on 25 October 2003, in Mumbai, India. He was cremated on the evening of 26 October at Tatvajnana Vidyapeeth in the Thane district, where hundreds of thousands of mourners had paid their respects to him over a period of 24 hours. Subsequently, his ashes were immersed at Ujjain, Pushkar, Haridwar, Kurukshetra, Gaya, Jagannath Puri, and lastly at Rameshwaram.